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History of Research & Background

Learn more about the development of Cognitive FX and its strong history of research.

Dr. Allen setting up an fMRI machine to scan a person's brain in 2005-2007


Dr. Allen set out to standardize fMRI for clinical application because he saw the vast potential it might hold for a clinical setting.  He and Dr. Fong spent the next few years adapting common neuropsychological tests to be used inside of the MRI machine for routine fMRI testing.

They began collecting data on healthy brains to help them better understand how the brain functions normally.  Over time, they established a strong foundation of how a normal brain should function, establishing a normative database of healthy individuals.

an image of an article published by Dr. Allen in 2008-2010


In 2008, they published a variety of articles showing the potential of using fMRI for standardized testing in clinical settings. Although these earliest publications recognized the potential for fMRI to identify the underlying sources of post-concussion symptoms in the brain, more work would be needed to bring the technology to the point where it could be depended on in the actual treatment of PCS.

During this time, they combined six of the standardized tests they had performed research on and developed what we now know as Notus Functional NeuroCognitive Imaging (fNCI). Drs. Allen and Fong took the fNCI and other scientific ideas to the real world of medicine and health care. They began applying the technology in clinical settings as interest grew in the community. This imaging was also used in military hospitals, clinics, private hospitals urgent care facilities and more.

2011-2013 alt-1


Over time, they used the fNCI on many individuals suffering from concussions. They found that by looking at the different regions of the brain with the fNCI, it consistently and reliably showed differences in a concussed brain compared to healthy brains. Since standard scans are of limited use in most concussions, the fNCI represented a great leap forward.

With knowledge came responsibility, and Dr. Allen, and Dr. Fong, felt that they needed to use the information they gathered with the fNCI to help those who were suffering from lasting concussion symptoms. They began to explore treatment options with a group of multidisciplinary therapists and doctors. Initially, they were hoping they could find a treatment protocol that would be effective within 3-6 months, and perhaps resolve persistent issues that have previously been known to never resolve. However, after many trial patients, they realized they could change the function of the brain in concussion in one week.

At first, they didn’t believe that they could actually see real improvement in a week, but through more testing and research they saw that the results of their week-long treatment, called EPIC Treatment, was extremely effective.



Dr. Allen testing the fNCI technology on a person in an fMRI machine


Dr. Allen, Dr. Fong, combined with Dr. Lynne Gaufin and founded Cognitive FX (CFX)  as a treatment facility for post-concussion syndrome (PCS). We began treating the first patients in a week-long program called EPIC Treatment in Provo, UT in September of 2014.

Cognitive FX began by treating an average of 2-3 patients a week shortly after opening and increased to treating 8 patients a week by 2017. We published a variety of articles sharing our longitudinal studies showing the results of EPIC Treatment after one week, and that the results are lasting and impactful for individual’s long-term. We also published research sharing information on how we identified biomarkers for concussion using the fNCI.

During this time, we began presenting and speaking about our research around the world with a variety of organizations including AMSSM, INS, ASFNR, and Pink Concussion.


image of Dr. Fong and Dr. McIff presenting information to the Cognitive FX therapists and trainers


In the last year, we have published four new peer-reviewed articles, and we don’t intend to stop publishing. One major breakthrough this year was Dr. Allen’s discovery and development of neurovascular coupling as the basis for treatment in post-concussion syndrome. Our dedication to scientific findings has led us to a new and effective approach to treat post-concussion symptoms, a diagnosis that was previously believed to be nearly impossible to treat.

We have treated over 1000 patients in over 20 countries from around the world. We are currently treating 9 patients a week, with the goal to help as many people as possible who are suffering from these debilitating symptoms.

This year we have also continued presenting at a variety of conferences include Pediatric Acquired Brain Injury, Federal Interagency Conference on Brain Injury, NABIS, and more.




Conferences We Have Presented At

pink concussions

Frequently Asked Questions

Find answers to common questions about our history and background.

How many patients have you seen and treated?

Since the fall of 2014, Cognitive FX has assisted in the assessment and neurorehabilitation for hundreds of patients suffering from mTBI. We have worked with and seen success in patients from 8 to 80 years old and have been able to tailor treatment to a wide variety of unique concussion profiles. We have been able to treat and have seen tremendous success in a wide variety of injury causes (falls, motor vehicle accidents, sports related injuries, etc.).

Who are the key founders of Cognitive FX?

The founders include Dr. Mark Allen, Dr. Alina Fong, and Dr. Lynn Gaufin. You can learn more about them on our team page.

Have you always been located in Provo, UT?

Yes, Cognitive FX began in Provo, UT and remains in its original location today.

Get Started on Your Recovery Today

If you are interested in EPIC Treatment please complete this form to receive our new patient paperwork. Be sure to check your email and spam folders. Once we receive your completed paperwork, we will call you to schedule your complimentary consultation within 3 business days.