The temporal lobe, like the parietal lobe, helps us understand what we hear and, therefore, aids our understanding and interpretation of language. It also helps us to retain information and interpret sound. The temporal lobe also contributes to our ability to organize.
Effects of a Concussion: The temporal lobe is another highly vulnerable area of the brain. Damages to the temporal lobe due to closed-head injuries like concussions can result in sensitivity to sounds. A person may have an impaired ability to hear and comprehend language. Damage to the temporal lobe can also affect short and long-term memory, making it difficult if not impossible to remember words, people, things, names, past experiences and more. When this part of the brain is injured, it can also make it hard for someone to get good sleep. Some people may even have seizures after a concussion due to damage to the temporal lobe.