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4 Components of Successful Concussion Treatment
Dr. Mark Allen PhD

By: Dr. Mark Allen PhD Last Updated: January 24, 2019

Medically Reviewed by Dr. Alina Fong

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4 Components of Successful Concussion Treatment

Education & Resources  |  Post Concussion Treatment

 Originally Published at Utah valley Health & Wellness Magazine Here
As a scientist who studies concussion and does research on concussion treatment, I was recently asked what I would do if I needed concussion treatment. What questions would I ask, from my perspective as an expert? To answer this, my questions would focus on what I see as the four components of successful concussion recovery—diagnosis, assessment, treatment, and maintenance.


How will my concussion be diagnosed? How will my concussion symptoms be distinguished from other potential health issues that might cause similar symptoms?

I would want to know what kind of health professional is best able to find answers to these preliminary questions, and what diagnostic tests will be used. A family doctor will typically be able to help get this process started and should refer you to a neuropsychologist, in the opinion of most concussion research experts. Among the tools that neuropsychologists use, a Functional Neurocognitive Imaging (fNCI) test is ideal. This is a type of MRI brain scan that can detect problems in brain functioning caused by concussion.


After determining what my symptoms are, I would want to know exactly which parts of my brain have been affected, how that relates to the symptoms I am currently experiencing, and how my treatment will help my particular brain injury. A neuropsychologist, especially one who can use and interpret fNCI brain scanning, is usually best suited to do this assessment. In order for an assessment to be truly useful, it needs to go beyond being simply “informative” and give you and your medical providers a clear treatment plan for your individual rehabilitation program.


Although post-concussion symptoms can vary widely from person to person, there are four general categories that scientists and doctors use to group common symptoms:

  • Cognitive (impaired focus, memory and reaction speed)
  • Physical (headache, light sensitivity, neck pain)
  • Emotional (depression, anxiety, irritability)
  • Sleep (trouble falling and staying asleep, fatigue during the day)

As a patient, I would want to know specifically how I would be helped in each of these areas. What kinds of therapists will I see? What exactly will they do? And how will they know if what they are doing has been effective?

The very best concussion programs should have a multidisciplinary approach, bringing together a range of experts, clinicians, therapists and so forth. Ideally, treatment should address all of these areas simultaneously, rather than one at a time. The reason for this is that symptoms from one group can greatly affect symptoms in another category. For example, it’s difficult to make progress in cognitive improvement when lagging headache or sleep issues are not being addressed. Also, it is most preferable to have all of the rehabilitation activities done at a single location as much as possible, with as much coordination and cross-communication among doctors and therapists as possible, and within a well-paced time frame.

Again, the fNCI brain scan can be very useful, both in terms of formulating an optimal treatment plan as well as evaluating whether treatment has been effective during and after treatment.


The final piece that I would look for if I were a concussion patient is what the plan would be for continued improvement and long-term retention of recovery gains from my treatment. A good treatment approach should provide me with tools and training on how to maintain optimal brain health. Furthermore, it should also offer means to follow-up on my progress and make sure my symptoms stay in check over the next several months.



About Dr. Mark Allen PhD

Mark D. Allen earned a PhD in Cognitive Science at Johns Hopkins University with post-doctoral training in Cognitive Neuroscience and Functional Neuroimaging at the University of Washington. He has 15 years of research and clinical experience in fMRI, with 22 publications in tier-1 peer-reviewed scientific journals, 3 book chapters, and dozens of presentations at scientific and professional conferences in neuroscience, neuroimaging, and neuropsychology. Having collected and analyzed fMRI data from over 1,000 experimental subjects and over 300 clinically-referred patients, Dr. Allen is a pioneer and expert in the development of fMRI for use in clinical settings.

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