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Brain injury blog, concussion blog

The Cognitive FX Blog

Your source for everything you need to know about traumatic brain injury and concussions.

Dr. Alina Fong PhD

Alina K. Fong received her PhD in Clinical Neuropsychology with an emphasis in neuroradiology from Brigham Young University. She received the national American Psychological Association Clinical Neuropsychology Division 40 Graduate Student Research Award in 2004 for her research on "Cortical Sources of the N400 and 'The N400 Effect." Dr. Fong's interest in brain mapping soon turned to functional MRI, and since then, her research efforts have been focused on the clinical applications of fMRI.

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Education & Resources  |  Post Concussion Treatment  |  Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury Recovery: Can You Recover from a TBI?

If you’ve experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI), it’s natural to want to know how long and how difficult your recovery is going to be. There are so many factors affecting recovery time — such as the specifics of the injury, gender, treatment options, and more. Remember, the length and extent of your recovery is unique to you. Recovery stories vary even between patients with similar injuries. 

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Brain Injury Awareness  |  Education & Resources  |  Mental Health Support After a Brain Injury  |  Post Concussion Treatment

Suicidal Thoughts and Post-Concussion Syndrome: What Can You Do?

Sustaining a traumatic brain injury can be a challenging experience. You probably felt angry, demoralized, helpless, and even hopeless in the days following your injury. For some people, these feelings eventually subside and disappear — but that didn't happen for you.

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Brain Injury Awareness  |  Concussions  |  Education & Resources  |  Post Concussion Treatment  |  Traumatic Brain Injury

Which Type of Head Injury Doctor to See for Your Concussion or TBI

The type of head injury doctor you need to see depends on the type of injury you’ve experienced and how long ago the injury occurred. Doctors who excel at concussion treatment, for example, are often not the doctors you would see for a skull fracture. 

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Brain Injury Awareness  |  Concussions  |  Post Concussion Treatment  |  Traumatic Brain Injury

What to Expect for Concussion, Severe TBI, and ‘Non-Traumatic’ Hypoxic Brain Injury Recovery

Brain injury recovery is hard. The severity of your injury, which parts of your brain were affected, and how they were affected, all factor into things such as how much you can recover and how long it will take.

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Concussions  |  Post Concussion Treatment  |  Traumatic Brain Injury

A Complete Guide to Post-Concussion Syndrome

Post-concussion syndrome, also known as persistent post-concussion symptoms (PPCS), occurs when concussion symptoms persist for months or years after you sustain a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) or another type of brain trauma. If you or a loved one received a post-concussion syndrome (PCS) diagnosis, you're probably wondering if it's treatable. (Short answer: yes!) You may also want to know how long recovery takes, what you can do to alleviate symptoms, and whether what you're experiencing is "normal." We treat hundreds of post-concussion patients every year and regularly answer these questions for our patients. This guide will help you understand post-concussion syndrome in depth by answering a number of questions, including:

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Education & Resources  |  Mental Health Support After a Brain Injury  |  Post Concussion Treatment  |  Traumatic Brain Injury

Navigating Mental Health After Severe TBI and Concussion

Mild and severe traumatic brain injury (concussion and TBI) can cause upsetting changes to your mental health. You may find that preexisting mental illness worsens after your injury or that new symptoms —  such as anxiety, depression, mood swings, anger, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and more — arise. Don’t give up hope: There are good treatment programs that can help you improve.

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Brain Injury Awareness  |  Life After EPIC Treatment  |  Patient Stories  |  Post Concussion Treatment

Living with Post Concussion Syndrome: How 7 Patients Found Hope for Recovery

“It’s like there’s molasses in my brain.”

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Concussions  |  Education & Resources  |  Post Concussion Treatment  |  Traumatic Brain Injury

What You Need to Know About TBI Symptoms and Treatment

Between 80,000-90,000 of people who suffer traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) each year develop long-term disabilities related to their TBI. Many others suffer from a variety of long-term, problematic symptoms that continue to interfere with their lives. When they try to get help for these issues, they are often told there’s nothing more that can be done — or worse, that there’s nothing wrong with them at all. Here’s the good news: Recovery can and does continue for patients who find the right help.

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Brain Safety & Care  |  Education & Resources  |  Mental Health Support After a Brain Injury  |  Post Concussion Treatment

17 Cognitive Exercises for Post-Concussion Syndrome You Can Do at Home

If you’ve had a concussion (or two, or three … ), there’s a good chance someone told you to rest in a dark room and do nothing until your symptoms go away. But research over the past few years has revealed that resting in a dark room (known as “cocooning”) is not the best way to treat a concussion.

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Brain Injury Awareness  |  Education & Resources  |  Mental Health Support After a Brain Injury

Personality Changes After a Brain Injury or Concussion: Irritability, Sadness, Social Struggles, and More

Personality changes (or what feels like them) are common following a traumatic brain injury. Even a concussion can affect the brain long after it’s healed from the initial injury. The way we process and understand information can change as a result of the injury, so it’s not surprising that our emotions are affected too.

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Education & Resources  |  Life After EPIC Treatment  |  Patient Stories  |  Post Concussion Treatment

Vision Problems After a Concussion: Symptoms, Treatment Options, and Stories of Recovery

Many people who have a concussion suffer from some kind of vision problem as a result of the concussion. However, except for “blurry vision” or “sensitivity to light,” the vision problems people often experience after head trauma are not usually listed among the most common concussion-related symptoms. These symptoms are often overlooked and left untreated, or they are not treated as effectively as possible. 

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Concussions  |  Education & Resources  |  Post Concussion Treatment  |  Traumatic Brain Injury

Post-Concussion Syndrome Tests: Know If You Have PCS

If you’re searching for answers and think you might have post-concussion syndrome (PCS), the path to diagnosis can be challenging. Few medical professionals are experts on the condition, and many lack the most sophisticated diagnostic tools. Many doctors will make a diagnosis based on concussion symptom history and a quick physical examination. Others will supplement their findings with imaging or computerized testing.

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Brain Safety & Care  |  Concussions  |  Post Concussion Treatment  |  Traumatic Brain Injury

Post-Concussion Syndrome Treatment: Therapy & Medications

In post-concussion syndrome (PCS), a patient with a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) experiences persistent symptoms from the injury. If left untreated, the symptoms might last months, years, or even decades after the event.

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Brain Safety & Care  |  Concussions  |  Education & Resources  |  Post Concussion Treatment  |  Traumatic Brain Injury

Neuroplasticity Treatment: How It Can Help You Recover From a Brain Injury

Neuroplasticity, from a clinician’s view, is the ability of the brain to change and heal itself. From a scientific perspective, neuroplasticity is the brain's ability to affect the synaptic transmission of information in response to external stimuli.

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Concussions  |  Education & Resources  |  Post Concussion Treatment

When Does a Concussion Become Post-Concussion Syndrome?

A concussion is defined as “the result of the forceful motion of the head or impact causing a brief change in mental status (confusion, disorientation, or memory loss), with or without a loss of consciousness.”

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Education & Resources

Post-Concussion Syndrome & Medications for Mental Health

Concussions may be the hardest form of traumatic brain injury to treat due to the convoluted nature of long-term symptoms and how those symptoms can be misdiagnosed or even undiagnosed.  

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Education & Resources  |  Post Concussion Treatment

Neurology vs Neuropsychology for Concussion Treatment

Neurology Vs. Neuropsychology: One of these is not like the other… Neurologists and Neuropsychologists often get mistaken as one and the same. Although there are some similarities, the differences are quite stark, and often allows for the necessity of both fields in many cases of neurologic injury.   

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Education & Resources  |  Post Concussion Treatment

The Quality of Life After a Concussion: An Oxymoron?

I meet with patients every single day who have been dealing with concussion symptoms. Sometimes they have been experiencing them for a short amount of time, and others have been dealing with them for months and even years. When I meet with those that have dealt with symptoms longer, many times I hear things like “I am a different person," or “Life is different” or “I used to be different…” After a concussion, there are so many changes that can occur in almost every area of your world. For many people after a head injury or concussion, quality of life goes down, but I want you to know there is hope, and you are not alone in your experience. 

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